POPPerception On Purpose
Active Stereo Tracking of Multiple Free-Moving Targets
Luis Perdigoto, Joao P. Barreto, Rui Caseiro, and Helder Araujo, CVPR’09 - IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Miami Beach, Florida, June 2009
This article presents a general approach for the active stereo tracking of multiple moving targets. The problem is formulated on the plane, where cameras are modeled as ”line scan cameras” and targets are described as points with unconstrained motion. We propose to control the active system parameters in such a manner that the images of the targets in the two views are related by an homography. This homography is specified during the design stage and implicitly encodes the tracking behavior. It is shown that this formulation leads to an elegant geometric framework that enables to decide about the feasibility of a particular active tracking task. We apply it to prove that two cameras with rotation and zoom control, can track up to three moving targets, while assuring that the image location of each target is the same for both views. In addition, the framework is also useful for devising tracking strategies and deriving the required control equations. This feature is illustrated through a real experiment on tracking two independent targets using a binocular stereo head.